Nature of northern Sweden
Nature of Sweden is largely determined by its geographical position. Despite the location in the northern latitudes , Sweden is a country of temperate climate, mainly due to the Gulf Stream .
In the northern part, Sweden is dominated by taiga forests (pine, spruce , birch, aspen), to the south - mixed coniferous - deciduous, in the extreme south - deciduous (oak, beech ). The northern mountainous areas are dominated by subarctic climate. Part of Sweden lies above the Arctic Circle, where the sun does not set at night during summer. On the contrary, in winter comes the polar night. Waters of the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia soften the climate even more, especially in the eastern parts.
Northern, western and eastern parts of Sweden, are protected from the Atlantic winds by Scandinavian mountains. As a result, winters are colder and summers are short. The average January temperature is about -14 ° C, and in some areas down to -16 ° C. The average summer temperature tends to be around +17 ° C. In the southwest of Sweden, from Gothenburg to Malmö and on the islands of Baltic Sea, the climate is softened by warm Atlantic winds. Winters are warmer and summers longer, but rainy.